Did you know that your period actually has phases? Yes, it does and each phase plays an important role for your body.
So, let’s learn a bit more… There are two phases: the follicular phase and the luteal phase.
The follicular phase is all about ovulation. Hormones trigger changes in ovarian follicles until a mature egg is ovulated. Follicles are small sacs in which the eggs of the ovaries develop. The scientific name for egg development and maturation is oogenesis.
The luteal phase is the portion of your menstrual cycle that occurs after ovulation but before the first day of your next menstrual cycle. On average, this phase lasts from 12 to 14 days.
Some people who menstruate and who have fertility problems experience a short luteal phase, which can also be called a luteal phase defect. Recurrent miscarriage (miscarrying two or more times in a row) has also been associated with a luteal phase that is shorter than normal.
Possible symptoms associated with a luteal phase defect include:
- Irregular ovulation or anovulation
- Repeated early miscarriage
- Short menstrual cycles
- Spotting between ovulation and your expected period
If any of these symptoms sound familiar and you are struggling to find a diagnosis, you should bring any concerns you have about your menstrual cycle.