Infertility isn’t solely a women’s challenge. At IVF Phoenix ™ we want you to understand male infertility factors, which account for half of all cases, according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Sperm disorders – the most common male infertility factor

Difficulties making healthy sperm can cause male infertility. There may be too few sperm or sperm may be immature, abnormally shaped or unable to swim. Several causes of sperm disorders are commonly reported in men who experience male infertility.

  • Infections or inflammatory conditions such as having the mumps after puberty
  • Hormone or pituitary gland irregularities
  • Immune problems that generate antibodies against sperm
  • Genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis or hemochromatosis
  • Erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation
  • Men who have had groin injuries or surgeries either as an adult, or when they were children
  • Men who have taken anabolic steroids, most notably testosterone

Structural or inherited male factors can cause issues

Anything blocking the genital tract can hamper the flow of semen. Some items that our fertility specialists or urologists look for:

  • A history of a sexually transmitted disease that causes infection or inflammation
  • Scar tissue from surgery or twisted or swollen veins in the scrotum
  • Liver or kidney disease
  • Treatment for seizure disorders
  • Any trauma to the testicles, or a prior vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery
  • A history of undescended testicles
  • Medication history, most notably the use of testosterone
  • Being born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder
  • Certain medical conditions such as tumors or chronic illnesses such as sickle cell disease